Posted on
20
Apr 2022

## EA Integrated Reasoning Section – All You Need To Know

The Executive Assessment exam is considered to be a relatively short exam for admission to an EMBA program, but it manages to cover a wide range of topics. That being said, knowing the structure of the exam, as well as is a huge part of your EA prep.

The Integrated Reasoning is one of the three sections on the EA exam and it is scored from 0 to 18. It requires a complex preparation that will help you develop verbal and quantitative skills, the ability to read charts and graphs, and actually get insights from those charts. In this article, we are going to share with you everything you need to know about the EA Integrated Reasoning section – from what this section consists of to some important aspects of the preparation that you need to consider.

## 1. What is the Structure of the EA Integrated Reasoning Section?

The EA Integrated Reasoning section is divided into 4 categories – Graphics Interpretation, Table Analysis, Two-Part Analysis, and Multi-Source Reasoning. Each of the categories contains 12 questions. A test-taker has 30 minutes to answer the 12 questions or about 2.5 minutes per question. The 12 questions are divided into two modules of 6 questions each. Depending on the test-taker’s performance in the first module of questions, the difficulty of the questions in the second module varies. The more complex questions you answer in the first module, the more complex you will get in the second module, and eventually, you can get a higher score.

## 2. What is the Scoring on the EA Integrated Reasoning Section?

All three sections on the EA exam are scored in the same way. The official score on each section is ranged between 0 and 20. The score from each section has the same weight in the EA total score and the final grade.

## 3. What are the different types of questions?

There are the four types of Integrated Reasoning questions included in the EA exam:

• ### Two-part Analysis

The questions in this category ask you to select two answers from a set of choices presented in a table. The two answers have to be related to each other somehow, so you need to look for some analogy or connection between them. The questions will be quantitative or verbal, a.k.a. based on a mathematical problem or a scenario. Although the questions in this part may seem relatively easy to test-takers, they can be tricky. Sometimes, in these types of problems, you may have very little information to find the relationship between the two answers.  In such cases, you will need to select the only options available that fit that relationship, which may be rather challenging.

Example:

Consider the sets S, T and U, where

S = {35, 14, 64, 23, 49, 67}
T = {x, 35, 14, 64, 23, 49, 67} and
U = {y, 35, 14, 64, 23, 49, 67}

The mean of T is 5 less than the mean of S. The median of U is 9 less than the median of S.

Select the value of x and the value of y consistent with the statements given. Make two selections, one in each column.

• ### Graphics Interpretation

The questions in this category ask you to work with some information presented in a graph, chart, or some other form of data-visualization (i.e. bar-graph, stacked-bar graph, x-y scatter plot, etc.). You have to analyze the information and select the right answers based on it. The question addresses math concepts such as statistics, correlation, ratios, etc. In this part, it is important to learn how these concepts look graphically and get used to reading the graphs or charts.

Example:

Refer to the pictograph of a survey of attendees at the annual meeting of an international hotels group. Each symbol represents 13 companies in a sample of 390. Use the drop-down menus to complete each statement according to the information presented in the diagram. If one company is selected at random from the 390 surveyed, the chance that the company will be located in only one nation or headquartered outside of Europe or both is _____

A: 1 out of 6
B: 1 out of 3
C: 2 out of 3
D: 5 out of 6

If one company is selected at random from the 390 surveyed, the chance that the company will be both located in a single country and headquartered outside of Europe is _____

A: 1 out of 6
B: 1 out of 3
C: 2 out of 3
D: 5 out of 6

• ### Table Analysis

The questions in this category present data in the form of a table and require you to answer Yes/No or True/False questions about the data in the table. You can sort the columns of the table in different ways to make their reading and understanding easier. That is why being able to sort functions effectively could be an essential skill you need to answer the Table Analysis questions. The first step to the solution of each problem is exactly to decide which “sort” function you are going to use. In terms of the topics, one can expect them to be somehow similar to those covered in the Graphics Interpretation category.

Example:

For each of the following statements, select Yes if the statement is true based solely on the information in the table; otherwise select No.

The table shows circulation data, by non-fiction classification, for books in a certain library system in November 2003. Percentages are given to the nearest 0.1 percent.

• ### Multi-Source Reasoning

The questions in this category present some information in the form of multiple texts as each text will be based on a single subject. You need to answer questions that are based on that specific text. You have to work with multiple texts which will include some sort of data. Being able to understand this data will be very helpful to you because you can go ahead and use the insights from that data to answer the questions. As you might have guessed, this category requires you to mix quantitative, verbal, and data-interpretation skills. You have to try to look beyond the most obvious tab and seek information that could be hidden somewhere in the paragraph.

Example:

Definition of musician: Any person who uses a device created to produce sound through blowing air, vibrating a string, striking a surface, or electronic means, or uses parts of their own body, with the intent of creating sound for the purpose of entertainment, communication, self-improvement, education, or production of an emotional response. This definition of musician fails to capture the standard concept of a musician in that it allows for the inclusion of some things that are not ordinarily thought of as musicians, for example, people who _____,

A: play many instruments
B: perform their music as a paid profession
C: turn on a stereo for their own enjoyment
D: write music for the purpose of others performing it
E: work as piano movers
F: teach the history of music

and excludes some things that are ordinarily thought of as musicians, for example, people who _____.

A: play many instruments
B: perform their music as a paid profession
C: turn on a stereo for their own enjoyment
D: write music for the purpose of others performing it
E: work as piano movers
F: teach the history of music

## Conclusion

Understanding the structure, scoring, and different types of questions of the EA Integrated Reasoning section will help you to prepare better for the section as you will know what to expect and work on. It is important to develop a strategy on how to tackle the complex and multi-layered problems included in this section. You need to work on your ability to read and analyze graphs and charts, find and evaluate relationships in data, synthesize information from various texts, etc. We know that this may be a challenging task! At Apex we are more than happy to support you on your EA journey and assist you in every step of the process. You can sign-up for a 30-minute complimentary consultation call with one of our instructors who can help you ace any section on your EA exam!

Contributor: Diana Materova

Posted on
01
Feb 2022

## Executive Assessment Exam (EA) – Quant Section

We know what you’re thinking: math is a scary subject and not everyone can excel at it. When attempting math on the Executive Assessment – better known as the EA – the stakes may seem much higher. Especially since there is a whole section dedicated to math that you need to prepare for. There is good news though, the EA is not actually testing your math skills, but rather your creative problem-solving skills through math questions. Furthermore, the EA Quant Section only requires that you have sound knowledge of high-school-level mathematics. So, you just need to practice your fundamentals and learn how to use them to solve specific EA problems and find solution paths that work to your advantage.

The EA Quant Section contains a total of 14 questions, and you are given 30 minutes to complete all of them. This gives you about 2 minutes to solve each question, so in most cases, the regular way of solving math equations that you were taught in high school will not cut it. To succeed on the EA you must find the optimal problem-solving strategy for each question type. This can seem a daunting start, so our expert instructors at Apex GMAT recommend that you start your quant section prep with a review. Look over the types of EA questions asked in the test and review the math fundamentals which you may not have been using in your day-to-day life.

## What types of questions will you find in the EA Quant Section?

There are 2 main types of questions you should look out for when preparing to take the GMAT exam:

### Data Sufficiency Questions

For this type of EA question you don’t generally need to do calculations. However, you will have to determine whether the information that is provided to you is sufficient enough to answer the question. These questions aim to evaluate your critical thinking skills.

They generally contain a question, 2 statements, and 5 answer choices that are the same in all EA data sufficiency questions.

Here is an example of a Data Sufficiency Question:

(1) 9x-1 = 3
(2) 3x-3 = 19

A) Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) alone is not sufficient.
B) statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) alone is not sufficient.
C) Both statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
D) EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
E) Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.

### Problem Solving Questions

This question type is pretty self-explanatory: you’ll have to solve the question and come up with a solution. However, you’ll be given 5 answer choices to choose from. Generally, the majority of questions in the quant section of the EA will be problem-solving questions as they clearly show your abilities to use mathematical concepts to solve problems.

Here is an example of an EA problem-solving question from the official GMAC itself:

In a certain town of 4,000 residents, 40 percent of the residents are registered voters and 25 percent of the registered voters voted in the mayoral election. How many of the town’s registered voters voted in the mayoral election?

A) 400
B) 600
C) 1,000
D) 1,600
E) 2,600

## The main concepts you should focus on

The one thing that you need to keep in mind when starting your EA prep is the level of math you need to know before going in for the Quant section. All you’ll need to master is high-school-level math. That being said, once you have revised and mastered these math fundamentals, your final step is learning how to apply this knowledge to actual EA problems and you should be good to go. This is the more challenging side of things but doing this helps you tackle all the other problem areas you may be facing such as time management, confidence levels, and test anxiety

Here are the 3 main groups of questions on the quant section of the EA and the concepts that you should focus on for each:

### Algebra

• Algebraic expressions
• Equations
• Functions
• Polynomials
• Permutations and combinations
• Inequalities
• Exponents
• Coordinate Planes

• Profit
• Sets
• Rate
• Interest
• Percentage
• Ratio
• Mixtures

### Arithmetic

• Number theory
• Percentages
• Basic statistics
• Power and root
• Integer properties
• Decimals
• Fractions
• Probability
• Real numbers

## 5 tips to improve your  EA Quant skills

1. Master the fundamentals! This is your first step towards acing this section of the EA. As this section only contains math that you have already studied thoroughly in high school, you’ll only need to revise what you have already learned and you’ll be ready to start practicing some real EA problems.

2. Practice time management! This is a crucial step as every single question is timed and you won’t get more than 2 minutes to spend on each question. That is why you should start timing yourself early on in your EA prep, so you get used to the time pressure.

3. Know the EA question types! This is something that you will learn once you get enough practice with some actual EA questions. That way, you’ll be able to easily recognize different question types and you’ll be able to use your preferred solution path without losing time.

4. Memorize the answer choices for the data sufficiency questions! These answers are always the same and their order never changes. Memorizing them will help you save precious time that you can spend elsewhere. To help you better memorize them, we are sharing an easier and less wordy way to think of them:

A) Only statement 1
B) Only statement 2
C) Both statements together
D) Either statement
E) Neither statement

5. Make use of your scrap paper! There is a reason why you’re provided with scrap paper, so make sure to take advantage of it. You will definitely need it to take notes and make calculations, especially for the problem-solving questions that you will come across in this EA section.

## Final Thoughts

It’s true that math might seem like a scary subject and that’s why many people fear struggling with the EA quant section. Yet, it can be easily conquered with the right strategy and prep process. You just need to get acquainted with the question types, assess your skill level related to them and work, work, work until you become confident enough to crack that EA Quant section.

## Solutions:

EA Data Sufficiency Questions: The answer is D. EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
EA Problem Solving Question: The answer is A) 400.

Contributor: Bilhen Sali